Massachusetts-Massachusetts State House is centrally located in downtown Boston on Beacon St. It is directly across from Boston Common. The building was completed in 1798 and has since undergone many expansions and renovations. It was built on land owned by John Hancock, who was Massachusetts first elected governor.
The gold dome which adorns the top of the building was originally made off wood. Because of major leaking, it was was covered with copper by Paul Revere’s Revere Copper Company. It was the first American company to roll copper successfully into sheets for commercial use. At first the dome was painted gray, then changed to a yellow color. In 1874 it was gilded in gold. During World War II, the dome was painted gray once again, to prevent reflection during blackouts and to protect the city and building from bombing attacks. In 1997, at a cost of more than $300,000, the dome was re-gilded, in 23k gold.
On top of the dome is a gilded, pinecone which is symbolic of symbolizing both the importance of Boston’s lumber industry during early colonial times and of the state of Maine, which was a district of the Commonwealth until is separated from Massachusetts to become an independent state in 1820.